Issue 5 (2016)

The book of Hajj

This is a summary of the law of Hajj in accordance to the Hanafi school. In it I gathered only the preponderant views using Nuqayah as the base and where necessary supplemented it with the other reliable mutun namely Quduri, Wiqayah, Bidayat, Kanz, Multaqat, Majma’ and Tuhfah.

Bismillah at the start of a letter

One should write بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم when writing a letter. This is sunnah without doubt when writing to a Muslim or any person who will likely handle the letter with respect. If unsure how it will be treated, it is still worth writing. However, If the letter is likely to be disrespected, the ulama are differed; some say it should still be written whilst others say it should be said but not included. In any case, shortened form or 786 does not fulfill the sunnah.

Issue 4 (2015)

Nanautwi, Mamluk al-Ali – d. 1267

Ml. Mamluk al-Ali Nanautwi. 1204 – 1267 AH (1789 - 1851 CE). One of the great Alim of his time in Delhi and a renowned educator. He is known as ustad al-kull (teacher of all) and ustad al-ulama (teacher to the ulama) as he either directly or in some way taught the ulama who went on to influence the Islamic landscape in India the effect of which resonates to the present time globally. He is noted as a key influencer in the development of the Deoband movement which was founded by his students which includes Ml. Qasim Nanautwi, Mft. Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and his son Ml. Ya’qub Nanautwi.

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The book of Zakat

This is a summary of the law of zakat in accordance to the hanafi school. In it I gathered only the preponderant views using Nuqaya as the base and where necessary supplemented it with the other reliable mutun namely Quduri, Wiqayah, Bidayat, Kanz, Multaqa, Majma’, Mukhtar and Tuhfah.

The standard for pricing sadaqat al-fitr

The hanafiyyah allow sadaqat al-fitr to be given in price. The pricing are set using wheat, barley, dates or raisins. The price may be determined through derivatives such as wheat flour so long as it is equivalent or more than the price of wheat or else the price of wheat must be given. One may give more than the prescribed amount but cannot inflate the price to make others give more. Sadaqat al-fitr is half a sa’ for wheat according to the hanafiyyah. The weight in today’s scale varies; 1.575, 1.590, 1.636, 1.64, 1.66 and 2.32 kilograms are suggested.

Preferential treatment in gifting between children

In giving gifts, can one give preferential treatment to some of their children over their other children? If the offspring is a fasiq they may be denied any amount beyond their need. If the offspring is not fasiq, the reason for the preferential treatment will be determined. If the reason is to hurt some of the children, it will be deemed forbidden (makhruh tahrimi). If there is no particular reason, it is disliked (makhruh tanzihi) and equality will be urged. If the there is a reason such as the child is in need or parent wishes to repay a service, it is permissible.

Issue 3 (2014)

Snippets: The Historic Judgment on Interest

The "The historic judgement on Interest" is a 250 page Judgment written by Justice Mufti Taqi Usmani who was a judge on the Shari'at Appellate bench in Pakistan. It covers, in detail the concept and the prohibition of interest and gives answers to those who argue in favour of it. This review will outline key extracts which surmises the entire text.

Eight remedial principles in evaluating hadith

The following is a summary of some remedial principles which aid to avoid the common mistakes in evaluating hadith and making unwarranted objections that one abandons strong evidences.

Rasm al-Mufti (Verse 9b): The experts

The following is part (3) of a series on two commentaries of Allm. Ibn Abidin Shami's Uqud Rasm al-Mufti. The first is a summary and the second is a translation of Allm. Shami's Sharh Uqud Rasm al-Mufti. This part outlines the classes of fuqaha.

Issue 2 (2013)

Photos of the ulama

To take a picture of an animate object is Haram without qualification; be it a large picture or small, be it made by hand or new technology. Let alone the unqualified, the qualified are even becoming indulged in this disease.

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Rasm al-Mufti (verse 1-8): Introduction

The following is part (1) of a series on two commentaries of Allm. Ibn Abidin Shami's Uqud Rasm al-Mufti. The first commentary is an elaboration by Muhammad Saifur Rahman placed under summary. The second commentary is a translation of Allm. Ibn Abidin Shami's Sharh Uqud Rasm al-Mufti. This part gives an introduction and outlines the objective which is the presentation of a charter in poetic form that seeks to curtail rogue practices and instil regulation and consistency in edicts forwarded to the masses

Mastering Usul Fiqh

This review will highlight the path plotted by the Dars Nizami and the rationale therein for those wanting to master usul fiqh to understand the evidences presented and method of extraction used by the Ulama and especially the fuqaha.

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Have wudu whilst in lessons of hadith

In regards to the matter which are considered to act as means to acquiring this light, amongst them is the attendance in class with wudu as well as ensuring not to touch the book without wudu. From the outset this seems to be a minuscule and meager matter, however, in terms of outcome it has extreme impact.

Rasm al-Mufti (Verse 9a): Preponderance

This part (verse 9a) establishes the importance of abiding by the tarjih of the expert. The next part (verse 9b) will identify the expert and outline to the classes of fuqaha. The part thereafter (verse 10-16) will outline the classes of Masa'il.

The different facets of Alif Lam

Know that Alif Lam may be ghayr za’id in which case it will either function as a harf (see 2) or an ism (see 3). Alternatively, it may simply be zā’id (surplus); that also has its uses. The prefix, Alif Lam, is of four types (when functioning as a harf); Jinsi, Istighraqi, Ahd Zihni and Ahd Khariji. Allazi when function as an ism.

What is history? A critical review of E. H. Carr

E. H. Carr in 1961 delivered a series of six lectures at Cambridge University examining the question “What is history?” the title by which it was later published. The book discussed the nature of historiography in six sections; however, the content of these chapters can be simplified under three primary areas which embody Carr’s main arguments; (1) the influence of historians on history, (2) the nature of historical facts and (3) the subject matter of history. This review will analyse these three points by evaluating Carr’s methodology and assessing its place and implication on past, present and future academic historiography. It is being published here to give a snapshot of western historiography so that it may shed some light as to why they may disagree with elements of Islamic history.

Why does attitudes sometimes not predict behaviour

Why does attitude not always predict behaviour? This essay will explore the causes of attitude-behaviour inconsistency. It may be of use to the ulama and practitioners to determine strategies to increase the practices of Muslims. The simple suggested solution may be (1) inform (talim/cognition), (2) practice(ta’mil/behaviour) and (3) remind (tazkir/affect and suhbah/norm) to ensure consistent behavior.

Issue 1 (2012)

Octet principle for Islamic foundation

To ensure the stability of the institution and protect it from outside influences Hujjat al-Islam Ml. Qasim Nanotwi outlined eight core principles. The goals of these principles seem to boil down to two distinct but interdependent objectives; (1) sincerity and (2) independence.The first objective (sincerity) is required for internal stability whilst the second objective (independence) is required for external stability. This will allow for longevity and maintenance of core values upon which the institution was built.

Allm. Binnori to the dean of education

Whole (Kamil) is the person who has fitrat al-salimah and aql salim which can only be gained by holding firm to the path shown by the prophet of Allah (peace be upon him); that is the sirat mustaqim. The heart and mind have contracted vices which in turn has lead us away from the straight path. Knowledge and good character are required to bring us back in realignment and it is these two traits that the Madrasah aims. The goal is one but approaches differ. Allm. Yusuf Binnori – may Allah almighty have mercy upon him – gives us a starting point by suggesting areas of consideration and gives practical guidelines to those that may have a say.

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Executive rights

Effective leadership requires trust and autonomy. Arguably, if trust is lost the leader should be removed and if autonomy is lost the leader should resign gracefully. This is the practice of our pious predecessors. Shah Rafi al-Din (1252-1308) outlined the following conditions before his appointment as principal.

Frequency of tilawat

Ordinarily the Quran can be completed 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 36, 48, or 120 times a year differing from person to person depending on ability and external constraints. The first four are appropriate for the person who has difficulty reciting (the halted reciter), twelve is fitting for the fluent non-Hafidh, and the latter three are suited for the hafidh.

Economic classes in Islam

In terms of ownership of assets there are four classes. There are those who have plenty and there are those who do not have enough. The first are the privileged and the second underprivileged. The privileged may be (1) wealthy or merely (2) rich whilst the underprivileged may be (3) poor or dangerously (4) destitute. It is for the privileged to give and support the underprivileged each according to their capacity as ordained by Allah for their respective groups.

The minimum wait (Iddat)

At the termination of a marriage, there is a mandatory waiting period before a woman is permitted to remarry; this is known as iddat. Marriage is terminated due to the (1) husband’s death, (2) her being divorced or (3) both. In the first, for the widow, her iddat is four months and ten days. In the second, for the divorcee, the iddat is dependent on her circumstance; consummation and menstruation. In the third, for the divorcee who is widowed whilst in iddat, it is whichever wait is lengthier. Note! If the woman was (4) pregnant, giving birth will terminate the iddat in all these cases.

The case of divorcee is disputed amongst the schools which stems from the definition of quru and the minimum hayd.

Neglected legacy

Ihsan is a disposition that allows one to correctly transfer what one knows to action properly and consistently. This is developed through interaction with and reading about guided pious scholars who have dedicated their life in the pursuit of emulating the prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) and living in accordance to the Shariah. The prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) is an example for all time and those who adopt his example find success in all the realms. The stories, character and achievements of the elders (akabir) of Deoband is a sample of this endeavour from the not too distance past.

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