Issue 1 (2012)

Octet principle for Islamic foundation

To ensure the stability of the institution and protect it from outside influences Hujjat al-Islam Ml. Qasim Nanotwi outlined eight core principles. The goals of these principles seem to boil down to two distinct but interdependent objectives; (1) sincerity and (2) independence.The first objective (sincerity) is required for internal stability whilst the second objective (independence) is required for external stability. This will allow for longevity and maintenance of core values upon which the institution was built.

Allm. Binnori to the dean of education

Whole (Kamil) is the person who has fitrat al-salimah and aql salim which can only be gained by holding firm to the path shown by the prophet of Allah (peace be upon him); that is the sirat mustaqim. The heart and mind have contracted vices which in turn has lead us away from the straight path. Knowledge and good character are required to bring us back in realignment and it is these two traits that the Madrasah aims. The goal is one but approaches differ. Allm. Yusuf Binnori – may Allah almighty have mercy upon him – gives us a starting point by suggesting areas of consideration and gives practical guidelines to those that may have a say.

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Executive rights

Effective leadership requires trust and autonomy. Arguably, if trust is lost the leader should be removed and if autonomy is lost the leader should resign gracefully. This is the practice of our pious predecessors. Shah Rafi al-Din (1252-1308) outlined the following conditions before his appointment as principal.

Frequency of tilawat

Ordinarily the Quran can be completed 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 36, 48, or 120 times a year differing from person to person depending on ability and external constraints. The first four are appropriate for the person who has difficulty reciting (the halted reciter), twelve is fitting for the fluent non-Hafidh, and the latter three are suited for the hafidh.

Economic classes in Islam

In terms of ownership of assets there are four classes. There are those who have plenty and there are those who do not have enough. The first are the privileged and the second underprivileged. The privileged may be (1) wealthy or merely (2) rich whilst the underprivileged may be (3) poor or dangerously (4) destitute. It is for the privileged to give and support the underprivileged each according to their capacity as ordained by Allah for their respective groups.

The minimum wait (Iddat)

At the termination of a marriage, there is a mandatory waiting period before a woman is permitted to remarry; this is known as iddat. Marriage is terminated due to the (1) husband’s death, (2) her being divorced or (3) both. In the first, for the widow, her iddat is four months and ten days. In the second, for the divorcee, the iddat is dependent on her circumstance; consummation and menstruation. In the third, for the divorcee who is widowed whilst in iddat, it is whichever wait is lengthier. Note! If the woman was (4) pregnant, giving birth will terminate the iddat in all these cases.

The case of divorcee is disputed amongst the schools which stems from the definition of quru and the minimum hayd.

Neglected legacy

Ihsan is a disposition that allows one to correctly transfer what one knows to action properly and consistently. This is developed through interaction with and reading about guided pious scholars who have dedicated their life in the pursuit of emulating the prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) and living in accordance to the Shariah. The prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) is an example for all time and those who adopt his example find success in all the realms. The stories, character and achievements of the elders (akabir) of Deoband is a sample of this endeavour from the not too distance past.