Fiqh

Marriage: Offer and acceptance

[Marriage] becomes binding through offer and acceptance. Both the words must be in past tense such as zawwajtu and tazawwatu (I have married you) or it should be an imperative (amr) and a past tense such as zawwijni (marry me)[6] and then he responds, zawwajtu (I married you). [Marriage occurs] even if they did not understand the meaning. Marriage will occur from their statement, ’Given’[9] and ‘Accepted’ without [the pronoun] ‘I’ after [the proposer says] ‘You gave’ or ‘You accepted’ like the case of buying and selling.

A primer to water

There are five types of water; clear cleanser, doubtful cleanser, clean but not a cleanser, unclean and the unknown. Water may be deemed uncontaminated or contaminated. The ruling differs based on the quantity and type of contamination.

Islamic economic system

Economic (prosperity) is a means rather than an end. The Shariah allows ownership and protects the autonomy of an individual but not at the expense of the autonomy of society. Hence, the shariah has set limits, ethical guidelines and permits intervention when the natural course of the market is impeded.

The minimum mahr

Allah Almighty has ordained that when a man marries a woman, he must give her something. Is there a minimum? The Ahnaf state ten dirhams, the Malikiyyah state 1/4 of a dinar and the others state no minimum so long as it is of some value.

Mu'in al-Fara'idh #2: Payment schedule

By Mufti Mahmud Hasan Ajmeri
Translated by Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami – 28 Rabi II 1437 | 8 February 2016

(1) Shroud and burial: First and foremost, pay the shroud and burial expenses from the deceased's estate even if it requires that the entire estate be spent. You should be moderate in the funeral expenses. For example, the shroud should be of the standard which the deceased may have worn in jumua, the two Eids or when meeting friends.

Mu’in al-Fara’idh #1: Introduction

Before starting ilmul fara’id, we shall write the definition (ta’rif), subject matter (mawdu’), objective (ghard wa ghayat), some keywords and technical terms so that you may find learning this subject easy.

Mu’in al-Fara’idh #4: Impediment

By Mufti Mahmud Hasan Ajmeri
Translated by Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami – 29 Rabi II 1437 | 10 February 2016

Those eligible to inherit, sometimes due to a certain causes can be impeded (mahrum) from inheriting. These causes are known as ‘Mawani’ al-Irth’. There are four such causes: Riqq (slavery), Qatl(homicide), Tabayun Din (religion), and Tabayun Darayn (nationality). The details are mentioned below.

Mu’in al-Fara’idh #3: Succession

By Mufti Mahmud Hasan Ajmeri
Translated by Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami – 28 Rabi II 1437 | 9 February 2016

The estate which remains after shroud, burial, payment of debts and fulfilment of the bequest will be distributed amongst the heirs in accordance with the Quran, sunnah of the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) and ijma.

There are three types of heirs (waratha): Zawil Furudh‘Asabat, and Zawil Arham. Their order of priority will be mentioned below.