Abu Ayyub Ansari

By Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami
10 Jumada I 1437 | 19 February 2016

Abu Ayyub Ansari was a close companion (sahabi) of the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) and a consummate warrior. He was born Khalid b. Zayd b. Kulayb of the clan Najjar which is a branch of the tribe Kazraj.1 Hence, he was amongst the Ansar who helped the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he emigrated to Madinah Munawwarah.

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Madinah, most wanted to host him. The Prophet let loose his camel with the intent that He will stay at the house of the person where the camel stopped. It stopped briefly at the house of Abu Ayyub who in turn rushed and took off the saddle to his house. Thus, he was designated the host of the Prophet who stayed with him many months until the main masjid was built. Even after the prophet moved, Abu Ayyub (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) used to prepare food for the Prophet (peace be upon him) and host his guests. This was due to the close amity the Prophet felt with Abu Ayyub Ansari.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) coupled him in brotherhood with the great Sahabi and standard bearer Mus’ab b. Umayr (may Allah Almighty be please with him) who was martyred in Uhad. Abu Ayyub himself was a seasoned warrior. He was present at the pledge of Aqabah as well as the battles of Badr, Uhad and all the campaigns of the Prophet (peace be upon him). It is said that the only reason he would not have been in a battle the Muslims fought is because he was engaged in another battle. He fought in the side of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) during the civil war and thereafter for Mu’awiyah (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) during his reign. Around 52 years after the Prophet’s arrival to Madinah, now in his old age, Abu Ayyub Ansari accompanied Yazid b. Mu’awiyah to conquer Constantinople. There he fought but then fell ill. Yazid visited him and asked if he had any requests. He replied, ‘My request is that when I die, ride deep into the enemy territory as far as possible and bury me there’. He died in that campaign and his wish was fulfilled. He was buried at the border of Constantinople. May Allah Almighty be pleased with him and elevate his status.

The notable sahabah such as Ibn Abbas, Ibn Umar, Bara’ b. Azib, Abu Umamah, Zayd b. Khalid, Miqdam b. Ma’dikarib, Anas b. Malik, Jabir b. Samurah, and Abdullah b. Yazid narrate from Abu Ayyub Ansari (May Allah Almighty be pleased with them all). Amongst the tabi’un, Sa’id b. Musayyab, ‘Urwah, Salim b. Abdillah, Abu Salamah, Ata b. Yasar, Ata b. Yazid etcetera narrate from him (may Allah almighty have mercy upon them).

For more details, read al-Isabah fi Tamyiz al-Sahabah #1361

——–

[1] His full lineage is Khalid b. Zayd b. Kulayb b. Tha’labah b. Abd b. ‘Awf b. Ghanam b. Malik b. Najjar (Taym Allah) b. Tha’labah b. Amr b. Khazraj (Akbar). His mother’s name is Hind bt. Sa’id b. Amr b Imra’ al-Qays b. Malik b. Tha’labah b. Ka’b b. Khazraj b. Harith b. Khazraj.