The conditions for ijazah in hadith

By Mufti Sa’eed Ahmad Palanpuri
Tuhfat al-Qari v.1 p. 116
Translated by Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami  – 13 Jumada I 1436

The ijazah for hadith is given with three conditions. When these three conditions are found, there will be ijazah or else not.

The first condition is that the student should have heard or read the hadith to a teacher. If they have neither heard or read the hadith rather they were absent or sleeping whilst sat, they will not have ijazah.

The second condition is that they must have understood the hadith. Those who did not understand, do not have permission.

The third condition is that the hadith be firmly remembered and relayed forward with caution.

Hence, the students should consistently be present in lessons. No hadith should remain unread or unheard. It should be understood with full focus and when stating the hadith in future it should be done with full caution. Reading in this form is ijazah. The teacher sitting to teach (تصدي للإقراء) is ijazah – there is no need to seek a separate ijazah at the end of the year. The ijazah which is given after cursory reading of the beginning of books is only for the kamil – it is not given to any and all. Hence, in the sanad of the Darul Uloom an ijazah for the hadith is not written. It simply states that this graduate has studied such and such hadith books and that’s it.

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Note! The condition are not exhaustive rather the most pertinent for those studying in their final year. The criteria of piety is a given for one who has already studied for six years.

#201602221801 – 13 Jumada I 1436 | 22 February 2016