Marriage: Offer and acceptance

[Marriage] becomes binding through offer and acceptance. Both the words must be in past tense such as zawwajtu and tazawwatu (I have married you) or it should be an imperative (amr) and a past tense such as zawwijni (marry me)[6] and then he responds, zawwajtu (I married you). [Marriage occurs] even if they did not understand the meaning. Marriage will occur from their statement, ’Given’[9] and ‘Accepted’ without [the pronoun] ‘I’ after [the proposer says] ‘You gave’ or ‘You accepted’ like the case of buying and selling.


ولو جرى العقد بين الفضوليين أو بين الفضولي والأصيل جاز بالإجماع.

هو يقول لو كان مأمورا من الجانبين ينفذ فإذا كان فضوليا بتوقف وصار كالخلع والطلاق والإعتاق على مال.

ولهما أن الموجود شطر العقد لأنه شطر حالة الحضرة فكذا عند الغيبة وشطر العقد لا يتوقف على ما وراء المجلس كما في البيع بخلاف المأمور من الجانبين فإنه ينتقل كلامه إلى العاقدين وما جرى بين الفضوليين عقد تام وكذا الخلع وأختاه لأنه تصرف يمين من جانبه حتى يلزم فيتم به.


A primer to water

There are five types of water; clear cleanser, doubtful cleanser, clean but not a cleanser, unclean and the unknown. Water may be deemed uncontaminated or contaminated. The ruling differs based on the quantity and type of contamination.

Islamic economic system

Economic (prosperity) is a means rather than an end. The Shariah allows ownership and protects the autonomy of an individual but not at the expense of the autonomy of society. Hence, the shariah has set limits, ethical guidelines and permits intervention when the natural course of the market is impeded.

The minimum mahr

Allah Almighty has ordained that when a man marries a woman, he must give her something. Is there a minimum? The Ahnaf state ten dirhams, the Malikiyyah state 1/4 of a dinar and the others state no minimum so long as it is of some value.

Mu'in al-Fara'idh #2: Payment schedule

By Mufti Mahmud Hasan Ajmeri
Translated by Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami – 28 Rabi II 1437 | 8 February 2016

(1) Shroud and burial: First and foremost, pay the shroud and burial expenses from the deceased's estate even if it requires that the entire estate be spent. You should be moderate in the funeral expenses. For example, the shroud should be of the standard which the deceased may have worn in jumua, the two Eids or when meeting friends.

Mu’in al-Fara’idh #1: Introduction

Before starting ilmul fara’id, we shall write the definition (ta’rif), subject matter (mawdu’), objective (ghard wa ghayat), some keywords and technical terms so that you may find learning this subject easy.